The Psychopharmacological Effects of Ingested Cannabis

Eating cannabis is an effective delivery method, and the cannabis concentrates and extracts in this chapter will allow you to easily convert any conventional recipe into an effective medicinal or recreational snack or meal.

However, besides eating cannabis, the most convenient and healthiest way of consuming cannabis is through a CBD oil vape pen starter kit. It is essentially a weed vaporizer, but tailored for CBD. has a lot of guide on both conventional and unconventional ways of consuming cannabis.

There is little point in preparing a huge, calorie-laden meal and then adding cannabis to it, as the digestive process simply takes too long and diminishes the effects.

It is better to prepare simple dishes that are easily digested.

In order to convert the active components of cannabis, the plant material still has to be heated when preparing edibles, but the important thing to understand is that, once ingested, it can take between 30 minutes to an hour and a half before the first stages of the high are even noticed.

After this, the euphoric state continues to increase.

It may then last from four to eight hours, and in some cases, may last even longer and be far more powerful than smoking the same amount.

Cannabis edibles can produce a very intense, almost psychedelic experience, particularly if you overdo the amount ingested.

It is advisable to experiment with smaller quantities until you are satisfied with the effect produced.

The psycho pharmacological effects of ingested cannabis are very different from those experienced after inhaling smoke or vapor into the lungs, as many of the active components in cannabis are altered or destroyed during combustion.

When cannabis has been ingested, the peaks of the experience tend to appear in successive waves, and these are far stronger than users will experience through smoking, with the effects lasting much longer.

This is partly due to enzymes and other fluids in our digestive system that subtly alter the structure of the cannabinoids, but also due to the delayed onset of the effects after ingestion as there is an absence of any immediate sensation which would indicate to the cannabis smoker that enough has been taken.

When eaten, some of the THC is metabolized by the liver into 11-Hydroxy-THC, which is four to five times more psychoactive.

It is not possible to have a toxic reaction to the ingested cannabis unless you suffer from one of the extremely rare cases of cannabis hyperemesis;however, if you ingest too much you will almost certainly fall into a deep,unconscious sleep, and this could last for over 12 hours.

If you are feeling the effects of ingesting too much cannabis, then a tablespoon of honey in warm water can help to reduce the intensity.

As the cannabinoids in cannabis will not dissolve in water, most edibles require some form of extraction method, either into a fat, oil or alcohol medium.

Cannabinoids can also be extracted by simmering your plant material in full fat milk as they will readily dissolve into these fats, and this is the method used to prepare the Indian cannabis drink known as bhang.

Most cannabis cookery books rely heavily on the use of cannabis butter, which is a very effective method for administering cannabinoids.

Canna-flour is ideal for making bread and for use in cakes and pastries.

Cannabis tincture is a concentrated cannabinoid extract dissolved in alcohol that is easily added to meals and drinks, as alcohol solutions are readily assimilated, even in the absence of digestive secretions, and easily absorbed through the stomach lining.

Honey and other sugars are also rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream through the intestinal capillaries; however, THC does not dissolve readily in sugars and therefore the degree of absorption is limited.

A small quantity of sugar contained within alcohol or an oil-based edible does facilitate absorption, but too much sugar will interfere with the digestion of the cannabinoid loaded fats.

Canna-butter or ghee is used for baking and can also be used as a spread, for example on toasted bread or fruit cakes.

Canna-infused oils are a useful addition to salad dressing, and they can be used in most recipes as are placement for butter, particularly if you are lactose intolerant or avoiding dairy products.

Heated and ground cannabis buds can also be sprinkled onto cereals or added to savory dishes without any need for preparing a canna-edible dish.

Decarboxylating Cannabis

Freshly harvested cannabis will contain a large amount of THC in the form of tetrahydro cannabinolic acid (THCA).

This acid is not psychoactive, but as the plant material dries it converts to active THC by a natural process known as decarboxylation.

Most of the acid will convert to THC during a period of up totwo years, but by then most of the THC will have oxidized into cannabinol.

The heating process is used to speed decarboxylation within the plant material, either in the form of smoking or gentle cooking for edibles.

Amino acids have a two carbon bond.

One of these carbons is part of a group called the carboxyl group.

The decarboxylating process causes the removal of a carboxyl group within the cannabis material, in order to convert the cannabinoids into substances that will produce a psychoactive effect.

The resultant plant material can then be used to make your concentrates.

It is good practice to make your cannabis concentrates as potent as possible as the strong taste of raw cannabis can be quite overpowering, so the more potent the concentrate, the less you require in your recipes.

Using concentrates alongside conventional ingredients results in a better-tasting product.

For example, if a cake recipe calls for 200 grams of butter, then it is preferable to use 100 grams of your cannabis butter alongside 100 grams of regular butter.

To decarboxylate your plant material, take your cannabis bud or trim and spread it evenly on a baking tray or oven proof plate, then place into an oven set on 223°F (106°C).

Don’t set the temperature any higher as the additional heat will vaporize the cannabinoids.

After 25 minutes, using oven gloves remove the cannabis from the oven and it should be dry and crisp.